The 6 Es of Safe Routes to School

Comprehensive Safe Routes to School initiatives have been shown to be more effective at increasing physical activity and reducing injuries. The Six E’s of Safe Routes to School summarize the key components of a comprehensive, integrated approach. For more information about how each of the 6 E’s factor into a comprehensive Safe Routes to School program, and tools to support including the 6 E’s, see The Basics of Safe Routes to School.

The Six E’s framework includes:

Education – Providing students and the community with the skills to walk and bicycle safely, educating them about benefits of walking and bicycling, and teaching them about the broad range of transportation choices.

Encouragement – Generating enthusiasm and increased walking and bicycling for students through events, activities, and programs.

Engineering – Creating physical improvements to streets and neighborhoods that make walking and bicycling safer, more comfortable, and more convenient.

Enforcement – Deterring unsafe traffic behaviors and encouraging safe habits by people walking, bicycling and driving in school neighborhoods and along school routes.

Evaluation – Assessing which approaches are more or less successful, ensuring that programs and initiatives are supporting equitable outcomes, and identifying unintended consequences or opportunities to improve the effectiveness of each approach.

Equity – Ensuring that Safe Routes to School initiatives are benefiting all demographic groups, with particular attention to ensuring safe, healthy, and fair outcomes for low-income students, students of color, students of all genders, students with disabilities, and others.