The federal Safe Routes to School program was created by Congress in August 2005 as part of the federal transportation bill, SAFETEA-LU. The full text of Section 1404 of SAFETEA-LU, which created SRTS, is below.
Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU)
Public Law 109-59
SEC. 1404. SAFE ROUTES TO SCHOOL PROGRAM.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.--Subject to the requirements of this section, the Secretary shall establish and carry out a safe routes to school program for the benefit of children in primary and middle schools.
(b) PURPOSES.--The purposes of the program shall be- (1) to enable and encourage children, including those with disabilities, to walk and bicycle to school;
(2) to make bicycling and walking to school a safer and more appealing transportation alternative, thereby encouraging a healthy and active lifestyle from an early age; and
(3) to facilitate the planning, development, and implementation of projects and activities that will improve safety and reduce traffic, fuel consumption, and air pollution in the vicinity of schools.
(c) APPORTIONMENT OF FUNDS.--
(1) IN GENERAL.--Subject to paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), amounts made available to carry out this section for a fiscal year shall be apportioned among the States in the ratio that- (A) the total student enrollment in primary and middle schools in each State; bears to (B) the total student enrollment in primary and middle schools in all States. (2) MINIMUM APPORTIONMENT.--No State shall receive an apportionment under this section for a fiscal year of less than $1,000,000. (3) SET-ASIDE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.--Before apportioning under this subsection amounts made available to carry out this section for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall set aside not more than $3,000,000 of such amounts for the administrative expenses of the Secretary in carrying out this subsection. (4) DETERMINATION OF STUDENT ENROLLMENTS.--Determinations under this subsection concerning student enrollments shall be made by the Secretary.
(d) ADMINISTRATION OF AMOUNTS.--Amounts apportioned to a State under this section shall be administered by the State’s department of transportation.
(e) ELIGIBLE RECIPIENTS.--Amounts apportioned to a State under this section shall be used by the State to provide financial assistance to State, local, and regional agencies, including nonprofit organizations, that demonstrate an ability to meet the requirements of this section.
(f) ELIGIBLE PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES.--
(1) INFRASTRUCTURE-RELATED PROJECTS.--
(A) IN GENERAL.--Amounts apportioned to a State under this section may be used for the planning, design, and construction of infrastructure-related projects that will substantially improve the ability of students to walk and bicycle to school, including sidewalk improvements, traffic calming and speed reduction improvements, pedestrian and bicycle crossing improvements, on-street bicycle facilities, off-street bicycle and pedestrian facilities, secure bicycle parking facilities, and traffic diversion improvements in the vicinity of schools. (B) LOCATION OF PROJECTS.--Infrastructure-related projects under subparagraph (A) may be carried out on any public road or any bicycle or pedestrian pathway or trail in the vicinity of schools.
(2) NONINFRASTRUCTURE-RELATED ACTIVITIES.--
(A) IN GENERAL.--In addition to projects described in paragraph (1), amounts apportioned to a State under this section may be used for noninfrastructure-related activities to encourage walking and bicycling to school, including public awareness campaigns and outreach to press and community leaders, traffic education and enforcement in the vicinity of schools, student sessions on bicycle and pedestrian safety, health, and environment, and funding for training, volunteers, and managers of safe routes to school programs. (B) ALLOCATION.--Not less than 10 percent and not more than 30 percent of the amount apportioned to a State under this section for a fiscal year shall be used for noninfrastructure-related activities under this subparagraph.
(3) SAFE ROUTES TO SCHOOL COORDINATOR.--Each State receiving an apportionment under this section for a fiscal year shall use a sufficient amount of the apportionment to fund a full-time position of coordinator of the State’s safe routes to school program.
(1) IN GENERAL.--The Secretary shall make grants to a national nonprofit organization engaged in promoting safe routes to schools to- (A) operate a national safe routes to school clearinghouse; (B) develop information and educational programs on safe routes to school; and (C) provide technical assistance and disseminate techniques and strategies used for successful safe routes to school programs. (2) FUNDING.--The Secretary shall carry out this subsection using amounts set aside for administrative expenses under subsection (c)(3).
(h) TASK FORCE.--
(1) IN GENERAL.--The Secretary shall establish a national safe routes to school task force composed of leaders in health, transportation, and education, including representatives of appropriate Federal agencies, to study and develop a strategy for advancing safe routes to school programs nationwide. (2) REPORT.--Not later than March 31, 2006, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report containing the results of the study conducted, and a description of the strategy developed, under paragraph (1) and information regarding the use of funds for infrastructure-related and noninfrastructure-related activities under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (f). (3) FUNDING.--The Secretary shall carry out this subsection using amounts set aside for administrative expenses under subsection (c)(3).
(i) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23.--Funds made available to carry out this section shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that such funds shall not be transferable and shall remain available until expended, and the Federal share of the cost of a project or activity under this section shall be 100 percent.
(j) TREATMENT OF PROJECTS.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, projects assisted under this subsection shall be treated as projects on a Federal-aid system under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.
(k) DEFINITIONS.--In this section, the following definitions apply: (1) IN THE VICINITY OF SCHOOLS.--The term "in the vicinity of schools" means, with respect to a school, the area within bicycling and walking distance of the school (approximately 2 miles). (2) PRIMARY AND MIDDLE SCHOOLS.--The term "primary and middle schools" means schools providing education from kindergarten through eighth grade.